Often referred to as AMD or ARMD (for age-related macular degeneration), macular degeneration is a relatively common problem for people as they age. The macula is a part of the retina. A healthy macula is necessary for centralized vision and focus necessary to effectively read or drive. When the macula begins to deteriorate, central vision loss can occur.
There are two types of macular degeneration, wet and dry. Wet macular degeneration is neovascular, meaning that blood vessels begin to grow in an area where they should not. In wet macular degeneration, new blood vessel growth occurs in the macula. Wet AMD may lead to blind spots in the central vision. Dry macular degeneration is non-neovascular and is characterized by a thinning of the macula and accumulation of pigment in the macula. While dry macular degeneration is not as severe as wet macular degeneration, it can lead to ventral vision loss. Dry AMD may lead to wet AMD (and does in about 10% of cases).
Although macular degeneration cannot currently be cured, treatment options do exist. Treatments are aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and improving vision when possible.
If you are experiencing blurring or loss of central vision in either eye, contact our office to visit with an experienced ophthalmologist today.